Welcome to VILNIUS, the capital city of Lithuania. The city, situated at the confluence of the rivers Neris and Vilnia, received the status of capital city in 1323, when Gediminas, the Grand Duke of Lithuania, in his letters addressed to West European merchants and craftsmen, invited them to settle 'in Vilnius, the capital city'.
Vilnius is the largest city and the biggest economical and political centre of Lithuania. The population of the capital city is about 0.5 million. Vilnius occupies an area of 392 square kilometers, of which only one fifth is developed and the remainder is green belt and water. For this reason, Vilnius is often referred to as one of the 'greenest' capital cities in Europe.
The historical centre of Vilnius, the Old Town, is one of the largest old town centers in Eastern Europe (covering almost 360 hectares) and contains the most valuable historical and cultural heritage of the city. The Old Town buildings (approx. 1500 buildings) date back to different centuries. Although Vilnius is often referred to as the city of Baroque, almost all styles of the European architecture can be found in Vilnius, from Gothic to Renaissance, Classicism, and Jugendstil.
The main highlights of the capital city of Lithuania are the Gediminas Castle Tower and the Cathedral Square. Due to its unique historical and architectural features, the Old Town of Vilnius was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1994.
Vilnius is also the biggest administrative centre of Lithuania. It is a home to the most important governmental, political, economic, social and political institutions of the country. For more information about Vilnius, follow the links: